There it is located the most powerful and beautiful Slavic citadel in southern Europe. In the 14th century Dubrovnik became a town, and then became a central city of Dubrovnik Republic, which became the capital of the aristocrats in the Adriatic. In the 16th century it fell under the power of Turkey, which did not prevent the town to become a recognized cultural and scientific center of the Balkans. The Dubrovnik, also called „Athens" Slavonic was competing even with Venice. The Glory of Dubrovnik declined after it was struck by a succession of natural disasters. Since the early 19th century, the city was thrown from one country to another, while Dubrovnik a part of the Republic of Croatia.
Such a turbulent history has left a mark on the architecture of the city. Its central part is still a pentagonal fortress with mighty walls, perfectly preserved to present time. Minčeta Tower reigns over it, with breathtaking panoramic views of the city. The remaining towers, somehow, also had fortification purposes.
Today most of the towers are equipped with museums. Urban architecture evolved in accordance to the requirements of the defence of the settlements, so modern Dubrovnik is similar to a single Fortress Museum under the open sky.
The main broad Street of historic Dubrovnik is Street Stradun, which exactly mimics the contour of the shoreline floodplain, and sufficiently divided the City earlier. This street is filled with rich and simple houses, and palaces. Onuphrius fountain was built in the XV century and it was flowing drinking water from the mountains. In that the same year, the fountain could serve as a monastery and a pharmacy.
In the old days, Stradun led to the medieval city centre. There was built the „pillar of the State," the former spot for reading of the princely decrees and executions of criminals. Here, on the square, are „fishermen’s Gate", which served as the entrance to the port. Church of St. Blaise and the veche Bell, collecting the towns people on the square. There are countless sights which have survived in excellent condition.
Although they are already damaged nowadays, from armed conflicts that accompanied the disintegration of Yugoslavia. To date, work is continuing on the restoration of Dubrovnik in all its glory. However, this does not detract from the beauty of this little Pearl of the Adriatic, and it is definitely worth a visit.